Plastic surgery is a medical and surgical specialty which deals with corrections and reconstructions of body parts after injuries, birth or cosmetic defects.
The basic idea is the achievement of satisfactory form and function. The name comes from the Greek word “plastikos” which means to shape, create or form. Plastic surgery today represents the art of surgical modeling.
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This branch of medicine, which is applied to different parts of the body, with different roles, has developed in several directions, the latest being microsurgery. It was initially used in treatment of congenital anomalies or trauma, which later lead to replantation surgery and microsurgical free flap skin transfer. Another branch of this specialty is surgery of burns and its sequelae. Esthetic surgery was born as the culmination of art modeling, with a task to reconstruct the shape of the body altered by aging or unsatisfactory appearance.
In 2005, Bernard Devauchelle, a maxillofacial surgeon, and his team successfully performed the first transplantation of middle part of the face (nose, chin, cheeks, lips). Sir Harold Gillies, a great name in the English surgery, helped to establish the department of plastic surgery and burns at the MMA (Military Medical Academy) in Belgrade, in 1945. The head of the department was Prof. Dr. VinkoArneri, the founder of plastic surgery in this region. Prof. DrBranislavBogdanov founded the Ward for Plastic Reconstructive Surgery of the Provincial General Hospital in Novi Sad in 1964.
Enthusiastic young surgeons started to treat severe tissue defects, congenital anomalies as well as burns and their sequelae. In 1986, the Ward for Children and Youth Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery was founded within the Department of Children’s Surgery of the Institute for Child and Youth Health Care in Novi Sad, whose main field of activity is treatment of congenital anomalies and burns in children.
As for the future of plastic surgery, regenerative medicine and tissue engineering will certainly contribute to and expand the possibilities of surgical reconstruction after trauma and oncology defects, as well as better functional and cosmetic results in solving complex congenital malformations.
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